超级大满贯

RSS
当前位置 :一起过>生活知识>

臭氧污染是怎么回事儿

臭氧怎么成污染源的?

CHOUYANG(O3)SHIDAQIZHONGTIANRANCUNZAIDEYIZHONGYANGHUAXINGHENLIANGQITI,CHOUYANGNONGDUCONGDIQIUJINDIMIANDAQIDAOPINGLIUCENG(YUE50km)CUNZAIMINGXIANDECHUIZHIFENBU,BUTONGGAODUDECHOUYANGDUIDIQIUSHENGTAIXITONGDEZUOYONGYEGEBUXIANGTONG。JUDIQIUBIAOMIAN10~35

km处存在一个高浓度的臭氧层,其臭氧含量占地球大气臭氧总量的90%以上,臭氧层阻止了太阳短波紫外辐射进入近地面大气,从而保护了人类和地球生态系统。但是在近地面天然大气中,臭氧浓度一般较低,通常在100μg/m3以下,在此低浓度下的长期暴露会对地球生态系统产生一定的影响。同时人类社会排放的各种污染物导致了近地面天然大气臭氧浓度的不断升高,使臭氧对地球生态系统和气候变化的不利影响被进一步放大。

SHIJIEWEISHENGZUZHIYU2006NIANFABUDEKONGQIZHILIANGZHUNZEZHONGZHICHU,CHOUYANGRIZUIDA8XIAOSHIPINGJUNNONGDUCHAOGUO70 μg/m3SHI,MEIZENGJIA10μg/m3RISIWANGLVJIANGZENGJIA0.3%~0.5%。CHOUYANGJUYOUHENQIANGDEYANGHUAXING,KESHIZHIWU、ZHIZHANGDENGFACUI,SHIXIANGJIAOLAOHUAERJIANGDIQIANGDU。CHOUYANGNENGYUSHENGWUTIXIZHONGDEBUBAOHEZHIFANGSUAN、MEIZHONGDEQIUJI、ANJIJIQITAZHONGYAODEDANBAIZHIFASHENGFANYING,DUANZANBAOLUZAIGAONONGDUCHOUYANGZHONG,HUIYINQIKESOU、HOUBUGANZAO、XIONGTONG、ZHANMOFENMIZENGJIA、PIFA、EXINDENG;YANZHONGBAOLUHUIHUIMINGXIANSUNSHANGFEIGONGNENG,YINGXIANGHUXIDAOJIEGOU,YINQIYANZHENG,GAIBIANTOUQILV,SHENZHIDAOZHISIWANG。

臭氧污染堪比PM2.5?

HUANBAOBUCIQIANDEKONGQIZHILIANGBAOGAOXIANSHI,6YUE、7YUEHE8YUE,JINGJINJIDIQUDEJINBANSHUWURANRINEI,CHOUYANGJUNDAITIPM2.5,CHENGWEIKONGQISHOUYAOWURANWU。CHOUYANGSHIDAQIGUANGHUAXUEYANGHUAJIDEZHUYAOCHENGFEN,ZHANZONGYANGHUAJINONGDUDE85%YISHANG,YINCI,CHOUYANGCHANGCHANGZUOWEIGUANGHUAXUEYANWUDEDAIBIAOXINGWURANWU,BINGZUOWEIGUANGHUAXUEYANWUFANGZHIDEZHUYAOMUBIAOWURANWU。

超级大满贯1943NIANZAIMEIGUODELUOSHANJIDIQUSHOUCICHUXIANLEZHEIZHONGWURAN,TADETEZHENGSHIYANWUCHENGDANLANSE,DUIRENDEYANJINGHEHUXIDAOYOUQIANGLIECIJIZUOYONG,SHANGHAIZHIWUYEPIAN(FABAIKUWEI),ZHISHIXIANGJIAOKAILIE,BINGSHIDAQINENGJIANDUJIANGDI。1955NIAN,ZAILUOSHANJIFASHENGDEYICIYANZHONGGUANGHUAXUEYANWUWURANSHIJIANZHONG,CHOUYANGNONGDUGAODA1300μg/m3YISHANG,DUANDUANLIANGTIANJIUYOU400DUOWEILAORENYINWUGUANZHONGDU、HUXISHUAIJIEERSIWANG,ZHEIGESIWANGSHUZIBIPINGSHIGAO3BEIDUO。JILUOSHANJIZHIHOU,QUANQIUFANWEINEIDOUBUTONGCHENGDUDICHUXIANLEGUANGHUAXUEYANWUWURANWENTI,TEBIESHIRIBEN、DEGUO、YIDALIDEGUANGHUAXUEYANWUWURANCENGYIDUSHIFENYANZHONG。ZAOZAISHANGGESHIJI70NIANDAIMO,WOGUOJIUZAIZAILANZHOUXIGUSHIYOUHUAGONGQUSHOUCIFAXIANLEGUANGHUAXUEYANWUWURANWENTI,1980NIANDAIZAIBEIJINGYEFAXIANLEGUANGHUAXUEYANWUWURANDEJIXIANG,SUIHOUZAIKEXUEYANJIUZHONGYEZHENGSHIBEIJING、ZHUSANJIAOHEZHANGSANJIAOCUNZAICHOUYANGWURANWENTI,QIYANZHONGCHENGDUYICHAOGUOLETONGQIMEIGUOLUOSHANJIHEOUZHOUZHUYAOCHENGSHI。

应对臭氧污染,该怎么办?

超级大满贯MEIGUOLUOSHANJICONGSHANGSHIJISISHINIANDAIJIUKAISHILEGUANGHUAXUEYANWUDEZHILIGONGZUO,ZAOQICAIQULEYUKONGZHIYANCHENWURANLEISIDECUOSHI,SUIHOUKUOZHANDAOBAOKUOJINZHITINGYUANLAJIFENSHAOHECHENGSHIKACHEHEIYANDENGDEZONGHEZHILI,YIJISHELIKONGQIWURANKONGZHIQU,DANCHOUYANGNONGDUYIRANJUGAOBUXIA。ZHIDAO20SHIJI50NIANDAIKEXUEJIANONGQINGGUANGHUAXUEYANWUDECHENGYIN,MINGQUEJIDONGCHEPAIFANGSHICHOUYANGQIANTIWUDEZHUYAOLAIYUAN,LUOSHANJIGUANGHUAXUEYANWUDEFANGZHIGONGZUOCAIJINRUZHENGQUEDEGUIDAO,TEBIESHIZAI60NIANDAIMEIGUOZHENGFUSHELILEQINGJIEKONGQIFAZHIHOU,QIANGHUALEDUIHUIFAXINGYOUJIWUHEDANYANGHUAWUDEZHILI,GUANGHUAXUEYANWUWURANZHUJIANDEDAOYOUXIAOKONGZHI。ZAIQISHIYUNIANDEWURANZHILIGUOCHENGZHONG,FALVFAGUI、GUANLIJIZHI、JISHUBIAOZHUNHEGONGZHONGCANYUDOUFAHUILEZHIGUANZHONGYAODEZUOYONG,LUOSHANJISHIXIANCONGKONGZHIGUDINGYUANDAOKONGZHIJIDONGCHEPAIFANG、CONGJUDIKONGZHIDAOQUYUKONGZHI、CONGMODUANKONGZHIDAOYUANTOUJIANPAI、CONGLIYONGJISHUSHOUDUANDAOLIYONGSHICHANGSHOUDUANDEBIANGE,CHOUYANGNONGDUCONG1973NIANKAISHIKUAISUXIAJIANG,BINGYANXUZHIJIN。JINGUANLUOSHANJIDAQICHOUYANGNONGDUHAIMEIYOUSHIXIANDABIAO,DANLUOSHANJIDEJINGYANYIJINGZHENGMING,GUANGHUAXUEYANWUSHIKEYIKONGZHIDE,LUOSHANJIDEKONGQIZHILIANGYIZHIZAIGAISHAN(yzjry.com)。

CHOUYANGWURANFANGZHISHIKONGQIZHILIANGCHIXUGAISHANDEGUANJIAN,RUGUOCHOUYANGBUNENGDEDAOYOUXIAOKONGZHI,PM2.5DEZHILIGONGZUOJIUHUISHIBEIGONGBAN,HUOZHEZAIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGJIAJUPM2.5DEWURAN。YINCI,XUYAOZAIGUOJIAHUANJINGKONGQIZHILIANGGUANLIZHONGSHULIYICHOUYANGHEPM2.5WEIHEXINDEDUOWURANWUFEIXIANXINGXIETONGKONGZHIZHANLVE,ZHIDINGGUOJIA、QUYUHECHENGSHIDENGBUTONGCENGMIANDEDAQICHOUYANGWURANFANGZHIDUICE,ZAIDANYANGHUAWUYUESHUJIANPAIDEJICHUSHANG,QIANGHUADUIHUIFAXINGYOUJIWUDEZHILI,SHISHIQUYUSHENZHISHIKUAQUYUDEWURANLIANFANGLIANKONG,ZHIYOUZHEIYANG,WOGUOMIANLINDECHOUYANGHEPM2.5ZHONGWURANTAISHICAIYOUWANGDEDAOZHUBUKONGZHI、KONGQIZHILIANGCHIXUGAISHAN。

超级大满贯YIBANQINGKUANGXIA,CHOUYANGDEZUIGAONONGDUCHUXIANZAIXIAWU2DIANQIANHOU,DANSHIJINRICHOUYANGFENGZHICHUXIANZAIXIAWU4DIANDAO5DIAN,YINCIGONGZHONGYINGGAIBIMIANZAIZHEIGESHIJIANDIANWAICHU,BAITIANJINLIANGZAISHINEIHUODONG,ZHEISHIDIYUCHOUYANGWURANDEYOUXIAOFANGFA。

[时间:2015-05-29]
超级大满贯相关的文章